Ankylosing Spondylitis

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Overview

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of Inflammatory arthritis that affects the spine. Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms include pain and stiffness from the neck down to the lower back. The spine’s bones (vertebrae) fuse together, resulting in a rigid spine. These changes may be mild or severe, and may lead to a stooped-over posture.

Who Is Affected by Ankylosing Spondylitis?

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Are the Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis?

The most common early symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis includes

Pain and stiffness. Constant pain and stiffness in the low back, buttocks, and hips that continue for more than three months. Spondylitis often starts around the sacroiliac joints, where the sacrum (the lowest major part of the spine) joins the ilium bone of the pelvis in the lower back region.

Bony fusion. Ankylosing spondylitis can cause an overgrowth of the bones, which may lead to abnormal joining of bones, called “bony fusion.” This may impair a person’s ability to perform routine activities.

Pain in ligaments and tendons. Spondylitis also may affect some of the ligaments and tendons that attach to bones. Tendonitis (inflammation of the tendon) may cause pain and stiffness in the area behind or beneath the heel, such as the Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle.

this condition also may have fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Eye inflammation (redness and pain) occurs in some people with spondylitis. In rare cases, lung and heart problems also may develop.

Causes

Although the cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, there is a strong genetic or family link. Most, but not all, people with spondylitis carry a gene called HLA-B27. Although people carrying this gene are more likely to develop spondylitis, but 10% of people may remain asymtomatic

Management

Physical and occupational therapy: Early intervention with physical and occupational therapy is important to maintain function and minimize deformity.

Exercise:  A program of daily exercise helps reduce stiffness, strengthen the muscles around the joints and prevent or minimize the risk of disability.

Medications : Homeopathy has a very good scope in reducing the pain, inflammation and stiffness around the spine. Homeopathic medicines if taken early during the course of disease it helps in preventing deformity